Crisis consumer behaviuor indicators followed the same pattern. The number of those who tended to buy less or buy cheaper goods reached peak levels over the past three years (53%) in the spring. Then it gradually declined to 41% in September, in October there was a slight increase (43%), and in November the dynamics returned to their previous trajectory: 38% of "InFOM" respondents refused to buy and tried to buy cheaper. In November, the number of families who over the past year had to save on something or refuse planned purchases and expenses due to lack of funds dropped by 4 percentage points (to 70%) after an increase of 7 percentage points in October.
The key integrated indicator, the consumer sentiment index, showed a slight improvement in November after a sharp fall in October. However, upon closer examination, current situation assessments have not changed since August, while expectations were strongly fluctuating. A similar situation is observed in business assessments of the economic situation; stagnation of the production over the past months with strong expectations fluctuations is also noticeable here — they continued to grow in August-September, experienced a sharp decline in October, and somewhat recovered in November.
Anomalies in expectations are a characteristic feature of this crisis year, as we have repeatedly written. This can be clearly seen in the consumer sentiment index. While estimates of the current consumer situation fell by nearly 20 points by April, expectations declined by only 12 points. Then for six months, expectations were at levels significantly higher than in the fairly good for the economy 2021. Even now, although expectations were somewhat undermined by the October fall, they are still above last year's average, for which there are no grounds in the economy.
According to the "InFOM" data, the outlook for the country's development looks similar in public perceptions. The average index of Russian economic prospects for the next year was 93 points in 2021, but rose to 102 in the crisis year of 2022; the index of five-year prospects increased from an average of 95 points in 2021 to 108 in 2022. Both indices floundered in October, falling by 12 and 6 points, respectively, but in November they returned to their annual averages.
In general, the situation of high expectations is fraught with new frustrations and the appearance of "black swans" — events that are perceived much more acutely than they deserve, concentrating the accumulated disappointment in themselves. However, the mobilisation, which could have been such an event, has not yet become one, as November's reversal to unwarranted